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Vietnam Travel Guide

 Vietnam, a fascinating destination parking spectacular landscapes, rich history, and intriguing culture, has much to know . Going through this Vietnam travel guide , you could easily  explore this fascinating country from the  towering mountains in the north to the tropical beaches in the south, and  all of the history as well as culture in between.

VIETNAM AT GLANCE -Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a country in Southeast Asia. Located between the latitudes 8° and 24°N, and the longitudes 102° and 110°E , Vietnam shares the land border with China to the north, Laos and Cambodia to the west, and  also has the maritime border with Thailand through the Gulf of Thailand, and the Philippines, Indonesia, and Malaysia through the East Sea. This country, Vietnam, covers a total area of approximately 331,212 km2 (127,882 sq mi). The combined length of the country's land boundaries is 4,639 km (2,883 mi), and its coastline is 3,444 km (2,140 mi) long. At its narrowest point in the central Quang Binh Province, the country is as little as 50 km (31 mi) across, though it widens to around 600 km (370 mi) in the north.

Stretching about 1.750 km all along the Indochina Peninsula, Vietnam geographically consists of many regions — Northern Vietnam: Northwest, Northeast, and Red River Delta; Central Vietnam: North Central Coast, South Central Coast, and Central Highlands; Southern Vietnam: Southeast  and Mekong River Delta. However, each region is unique and different from not only the climate and natural beauty but also the people living style and food taste. Today, Vietnam is divided into 58 provinces and five municipalities, which are administratively on the same level as provinces. The capital city is Hanoi, but the largest city is Ho Chi Minh.

QUICK FACTS ABOUT Vietnam

Local Time
GMT+7h
Politic System
Socialist Republic
Capital City
Hanoi, Vietnam
Largest City
Ho Chi Minh City
Currency
Dong (VND)
Main religion
Buddhism (14.9%), Catholicism (8.5%), Caodaism (1.5% ), Hoahaoism (1.2%), No religion (73.5%) 

Drive
Right side
Calling Code
+ 84
Police EmergencyPhone no: 113
Fire EmergencyPhone no: 114
AmbulancePhone no: 115
Total Areas331,699 km2
Population96,208,984 ( in 2019)

More Information on Vietnam

Vietnam has a lengthy and complex history, with each layer still visible in modern Vietnam. To consider this a quick rundown on the basic backstory, you’ll need to understand and enjoy traveling and backpacking through Vietnam. About 2,000 years ago, people in North Vietnam began growing rice in the Red River valley. To irrigate their rice fields and protect against the flood, they built dikes and dug canals. The first dynasty, many believe, was the Hong Bang Dynasty, which was ruled by the legendary Hung kings. However, Vietnam was absorbed into China's Han Dynasty in 111 BC. The Chinese ruled northern Vietnam for more than 1,000 years and Chinese civilization had left many influence into the Vietnamese culture. Meanwhile the Southernmost region of Vietnam, a part of the state called Funan from the 1st century to the 6th century AD,  undergone the  Indian influence. At this period, the central Vietnam still belonged to an Indian-influenced state of Champa found in the 2nd century AD.

During the Chinese occupation, Vietnam recognized  certain revolts. But only Ngo  Quyen won the success in 938   and established the independence over Vietnam. Since then Vietnam was ruled by a succession of dynasties at the time, including the Dinh,  Ly, Tran and Le. There was a long period of peace intercalated with short warfare against the central empire. However, the Cham kingdom in central Vietnam often lost the battle and forced to cede a part of the country to the northern reigns, especially under the Le Dynasty.

The Mongols invaded Vietnam three times but failed to occupy Vietnam for long time although they successfully captured the Vietnamese capital in 1257 and 1284. The big defeat of Mongols was in 1288 in the  Bach Dang Naval battle leaded by the general  Tran Hung Dao. The peace come back to Vietnam but lasted until end of 14th century only. To regain the control over Northern Vietnam, China had launched certain offensives and finally  took over the Northern Vietnam in 1407. Escaping from the Chinese’s hands in 1428 by insurrection of Le Loi, Vietnam was ruled by the later Le dynasty.  In  early 16th century, the Le dynasty declined, paying the path to two powerful  families’ conflict:  the Trinh in northern and the Nguyen in south during the 17th and 18th centuries. The Nguyen family conquered the Mekong Delta from the Khmer Empire.

The French arrived in Vietnam in 1858 and later incorporated it into French Indochina. France ruled until 1954, when it was defeated by communist forces led by Ho Chi Minh. Vietnam was divided into Communist North Vietnam and anti-Communist South Vietnam. For years, the Vietnam War raged between the two countries, with the US siding with the south and communist nations siding with the north. In 1975, the North succeeded in uniting the country under communist rule.

It would be ideal if the conflict ended there. But just after end of the Vietnam War, the Khmer Rouge had attacked Vietnam in the southwest and kept continuing its offensive for three years. Because of this reason, Vietnam had to send its troops to Cambodia in late 1978, deposing the Khmer Rouge and Pol Pot, and then stayed there until 1989. This attack had caused a ceaseless battle between China and Vietnam since early 1979. However, the relation between Vietnam and China come back  to normal step by step in 1990.

Meanwhile the Vietnamese government introduced market reforms in 1986 and as a result, the Vietnamese economy began to grow rapidly. In 1994 the USA lifted an economic embargo on Vietnam and in 1995 diplomatic relations were restored. Today the Vietnamese economy is booming and more prosperous. Tourism is an important industry in Vietnam. Furthermore, a stock exchange opened in Vietnam in 2000.

Vietnam

Vietnam TRAVEL GUIDE IN DEPTH

HIGHLIGHTS OF Vietnam

If you're having trouble deciding which places you need to visit in Vietnam, then take a look at below travel guide and see our choices for the best destinations in Vietnam
Can Tho

Can Tho, Vietnam - Travel guide

Can Tho is over its 200 years as the main town, once known as Tay Do and now one city of Viet Nam. All of economic, culture activities closely relate to river and canals which like the 'street'. Cantho has simple, poetic beauty with well-off villages under shade of coconut trees. It is...
Ho Chi Minh

Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam - Travel guide

Known as the largest destination in Vietnam with a lot of beautiful and magnificent landscapes as well as tasty dishes to explore and enjoy, Ho Chi Minh is really a must - visit destination in Vietnam. Every year, Ho Chi Minh attracts a lot of tourists coming here to visit famous landscapes and...
Nha Trang

Nha Trang, Vietnam - Travel guide

Nha Trang is really an ideal and wonderful destination on summer. Coming to Nha Trang, tourists will have a chance to widen their minds by admiring and enjoying the natural beauty and immerse themselves in the white sand and blue beaches. In addition, there are many fascinating and exciting...
My Tho

My Tho, Vietnam - Travel guide

Located to the North of the Mekong Delta, Tien Giang has rich aquatic supply including freshwater fish, brackish fish, and saltwater fish. Some of special fruits are Trung Luong plum, Vinh Kim star-apple, Cai Be guava, sweet mango, rambutan, and thick-skinned orange. Many fruits, vegetable, and...
Dong Hoi

Dong Hoi, Vietnam - Travel guide

Located in North-Central Viet Nam, Quang Binh is famous for many charming landscape of mountain and sea. The coast is dotted with blue water, yellow sand beaches that sparkle under forests of green willow trees. Every year, Quang Binh attracts many visitors coming to interesting landscapes such...
Vinh Long

Vinh Long, Vietnam - Travel guide

Vinh Long situated between the Tien and the Hau rivers. The majority of inhabitants live on farming, fruit planting and cattle rising. Coming to there, visitors have chance to walk among the trees, relax in hammocks, try all kinds of delicious tropical fruits in the gardens of An Binh and Binh...
Ha Giang

Ha Giang, Vietnam - Travel guide

Ha Giang Province is a province in northeastern Vietnam. It is located in the far north of the country, and contains Vietnam's northernmost point. It shares a 270 km long border with Yunnan province of southern China, and thus is known as Vietnam's final frontier. The provincial capital,...
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SHARING TRAVEL EXPERIENCE

The personalized, distinctive experience unveils the best things in Vietnam; top rated hotels, popular restaurants, funny shopping , essential highlights, entertainment and nightlife. This travel information helps you to plan wonderful holidays in Vietnam at low cost possible

Vietnam FREQUENT ASK QUESTIONS

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Do I need a visa to travel to Vietnam?

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How to apply for a Vietnam visa ?

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Does Vietnam offer visas on arrival?

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How to apply for Vietnam e-visa ?

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Do I need a visa to visit Phu Quoc Island?

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Do I need a visa to visit Phu Quoc Island?

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What are the most common sicknesses travellers get in Vietnam?

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Is there risk of malaria and dengue fever in Vietnam?

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What is the internet access like in Vietnam?

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Can I use my mobile/cell phone while in Vietnam?

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Are credit cards accepted widely in Vietnam?

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What is ATM access like in Vietnam?

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What festivals are celebrated in Vietnam?

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ARTICLES ON TRAVEL IN Vietnam

Written by our specialists from the viewpoint of their own travels, these guides will help you decide on the shape of your own trip to Vietnam. Aiming to inspire and inform, we share our recommendations for how to appreciate Vietnam at its best