Send Query Translate Page English German French Spanish
Portuguese Russian Chinese Japanese Italian Greek Dutch Korean
 
SITE FEATURES
TRAVEL SERVICES
CLIENT CENTER
TRAVELLER TOOLS
SEARCH TOURS
VIEW PARTNER
 
 
 
 
Home » Cambodia » Travel Guide » Siem Reap » Angkor Temples
DESTINATION CAMBODIA ANGKOR GUIDE
ANGKOR PHOTOS | ANGKOR MAP | ANGKOR TOURS | ANGKOR HOTELS  
 
ATRACTIONS IN SIEM REAP
• Scenic Landscapes
• History . Culture Sites
• Cultural Travel
• Sport . Entertainment
• Ecological Travel
HIGHLIGHTS IN SIEM REAP
Angkor Temples Siem Reap Town
HOT PACKAGE TOURS
Cambodia Outlook, 7 days Magic Of Cambodia, 5 days
Jewels Of Khmer, 7 days Best Of Vietnam And Cambodia, 14 days
QUICK GUIDANCE
The breathtaking landscapes, beautiful coastlines, cultural delights and historical significance, make Cambodia an enjoyable stop in Asia travel map. To help you plan a trip in Angkor - Cambodia, we provide the useful guide of hotel options, package tours, transport, attractions, shopping and entertainment. You just click the sections below for helpful information.
Angkor Travel Package Tours, Cambodia Tour Information Hotel Guide
ANGKOR TRAVEL INFORMATION
    Overview   Travel Tips   Getting In-Out   Getting Around   Foods   Entertainment   Shopping   
 
ANGKOR OVERVIEW
The Angkor Complex was the site of a series of capital cities of the Khmer empire for much of the period from the 9th century to the 15th century CE. Their ruins (13°24'N, 103°51'E) are located amid forests and farmland to the north of the Great Lake (Tonle Sap), near modern day Siem Reap, Cambodia, and are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The temples of the Angkor area number over one thousand, ranging in scale from nondescript piles of brick rubble scattered through rice fields to the magnificent Angkor Wat, said to be the world's largest single religious monument. Many of the temples at Angkor have been restored, and together they comprise the premier collection of examples of Khmer architecture.

History
Over a period of 300 years, between 900 and 1200 AD, the Khmer empire produced some of the world's most magnificent architectural masterpieces on the northern shore of the Tonle Sap, near the present town of Siem Reap. Most are concentrated in an area approximately 15 miles east to west and 5 miles north to south, although the Angkor Archaeological Park which administers the area includes sites as far away as Kbal Spean, about 30 miles to the north. Some 72 major temples or other buildings dot the area.
The principal temple, Angkor Wat, was built between 1113 and 1150 by Suryavarman II. With walls nearly one-half mile long on each side, Angkor Wat grandly portrays the Hindu cosmology, with the central towers representing Mount Meru, home of the gods; the outer walls, the mountains enclosing the world; and the moat, the oceans beyond. The later capital of Angkor Thom, built after the Cham sack of 1177, has at its centre the Bayon. Construction of Angkor Thom coincided with a change from Hinduism to Mahayana Buddhism. Temples were altered to display images of the Buddha, and Angkor Wat briefly became a Buddhist shrine. A subsequent Hindu revival included a large-scale campaign of desecration of Buddhist images, before Theravada Buddhism became established from the 14th century.
During the 15th century, nearly all of Angkor was abandoned after Siamese attacks, except Angkor Wat, which remained a shrine for Buddhist pilgrims. The great city and temples remained largely cloaked by the forest until the late 19th century when French archaeologists began a long restoration process. From 1907 to 1970 restoration of Angkor was under the direction of the École française d'Extrême-Orient, which worked to clear away the forest, repair foundations, and install drains to protect the buildings from water damage. After the end of the civil war, work began again, and since 1993 it has been jointly co-ordinated by the French, Japanese and UNESCO through the International Co-ordinating Committee on the Safeguarding and Development of the Historic Site of Angkor (ICC), while Cambodian work is carried out by the Authority for the Protection and Management of Angkor and the Region of Siem Reap (APSARA), created in 1995. Some temples have been carefully taken apart stone by stone and reassembled on concrete foundations. Since the end of the civil war, international tourism to Angkor has increased, posing additional conservation problems but also financial assistance to the restoration projects.
 


COMMUNITY CAMBODIA TRAVEL GUIDES
Northern Cambodia
Banteay Meanchey, Battambang, Oddor Meanchey, Preah Vihear, Siemreap - Angkor Temples
Central and Eastern Cambodia
Kampong Chhnang, Kampong Thom, Kandal, Pursat, Kampong Cham, Kratie, Mondulkiri, Ratanakiri, Stung Treng
Southern Cambodia
Phnom Penh, Kampot, Kep, Koh Kong, Prey Veng, Kampong Speu, Sihanoukville, Svay Rieng, Takeo
 
  Back || Next
 
    CAMBODIA INDEX CONTACT US BOOKMARK TELL A FRIEND PRINT BACK TO TOP